Skip to main content

Table 2 Variation of retail sector net use with homestead wealth assets index, mother's education and travel time (hours) to nearest market centres among rural children < 5 years of age in four districts in Kenya, 2004

From: Wealth, mother's education and physical access as determinants of retail sector net use in rural Kenya

  No nets (3193) n(%) Retail sector nets (327) n(%) Odds ratio (OR) (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Homestead wealth assets index quintile     
   Most poor 690 (21.6) 18 (5.5) 1 1
   Very poor 716 (22.4) 34 (10.4) 0.49 (0.25–0.95) 0.48 (0.25–0.95)
   Poor 679 (21.3) 57 (17.4) 0.78 (0.51–1.21)* 0.78 (0.51–1.21)*
   Less poor 644 (20.2) 84 (25.7) 1.19 (0.80–1.78) 1.19 (0.79–1.78)
   Least poor 410 (12.8) 131(40.1)*** 5.12 (3.38–7.97)*** 5.30 (3.42–9.21)***
   Not determined†† 54 (1.7) 3 (0.9) - -
Mother's education     
   No education 760 (23.8) 47 (14.4) 1 1
   Primary incomplete 998 (31.3) 78 (23.9) 0.79 (0.55–1.14) 0.79 (0.56–1.10)
   Primary complete 820 (25.7) 94 (28.7) 1.17 (0.79–1.73) 1.21 (0.81–1.82)
   Secondary and above 582 (18.2) 107 (32.7)*** 2.42 (1.64–3.57)*** 2.92 (1.93–4.41)***
   Not determined‡‡ 33 (1.0) 1 (0.3) - -
Travel time to nearest market centre (minutes)     
   Mean (min, max) 34.8 (1.2, 158.4) 24.0 (1.2, 138.0)   
   0–24 1745 (54.7) 220 (67.3) 1 1
   >24–48 683 (21.4) 77 (23.5) 1.32 (0.70–2.51) 1.28 (0.69–2.44)
   >48 765 (23.9) 30 (9.2)*** 0.25 (0.13–0.44)*** 0.18 (0.09–0.38)***
  1. *P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.001 derived from Pearson's χ2 test of proportion and univariate logistic regression
  2. † Parameter estimates (OR, CI and P-values) were obtained using logistic regression adjusted for clustering. Clusters were defined at the EA level and weighted (weight = 1/probability of selection of an EA) using STATA 8.2 (Statacorp, Inc. USA)
  3. ‡ Odds ratios and CI here have been adjusted for the effect of variation between districts
  4. †† 57 children were from 38 homesteads whose wealth assets index could not be determined using PCA because information on one or more asset indicators was missing.
  5. ‡‡ Mother's education level could not be determined for 34 children belonging to 33 mothers
\