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Table 3 Univariate statistical associations of factors with use of retail sector nets among rural children < 5 years of age in four districts of Kenya, 2004. These factors were excluded from the multivariable analysis

From: Wealth, mother's education and physical access as determinants of retail sector net use in rural Kenya

  Number (%) in each category    
  No nets ( n = 3193) Retail sector nets ( n = 327) OR 95% CI P-value
Homestead level predictors      
   Homestead used insecticide residual spraying*      
No 3064 (96.0) 300 (91.7) Ref.   
Yes 119 (3.7) 27 (8.3) 2.36 1.29–4.30 0.005
Not determined 10 (0.3)     
   Homestead demography†      
Population 15–44 yrs of age      
Mean (min, max 6.0 (0, 43) 4.9 (0, 43) 0.89 0.68–1.17 0.401
Mother level predictors      
   Mother's age†      
Mean (min, max) 29.1 (13, 103) 28.8 (16, 95) 0.87 0.59–1.28 0.476
   Mother can read†      
No 957 (30.3) 57 (17.7)    
Yes 2204 (69.7) 269 (82.3) 1.91 1.12–3.24 0.16
   Mother's main source of income*      
Unemployed/economically inactive 445 (13.9) 41 (12.5) 1   
Unpaid working on family business/farm 2321 (72.7) 205 (62.7) 0.64 0.46–0.89 0.008
Works for pay/receives money from spouse or homestead members 427 (13.4) 81 (24.8) 1.68 1.17–2.42 0.005
Child level predictors      
   Child sex†      
Female 1597 (50.0) 154 (47.1)    
Male 1596 (50.0) 173 (52.9) 1.01 0.86–1.18 0.928
  1. * These predictors were excluded from the multivariable analysis because: most children were from homesteads that did not use IRS (95.8%); mother's main source of income was highly correlated with homestead SES and mother's education level
  2. † These predictors were excluded from the multivariable analysis because they did not meet the entrance criteria (p ≤ 0.15)
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