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Table 4 Homestead, mother and child factors* associated with use of retail sector nets among rural children < 5 years of age in four districts in Kenya, 2004: multivariable analysis results

From: Wealth, mother's education and physical access as determinants of retail sector net use in rural Kenya

  Number (%) in each category    
  No nets Retail sector nets aOR** a95% CI** P-value
Homestead level predictors      
   Homestead wealth assets index quintile      
Most poor 690 (21.6) 18 (5.5) Ref.   
Very poor 716 (22.4) 34 (10.4) 2.33 1.07–5.08 0.033
Poor 679 (21.3) 57 (17.4) 3.05 1.45–6.40 0.003
Less poor 644 (20.2) 84 (25.7) 4.80 2.35–9.79 <0.0001
Least poor 410 (12.8) 131(40.1) 10.17 5.45–18.98 <0.0001
Not determined 54 (1.7) 3 (0.9)    
   Travel time to nearest market centre (hours)      
Mean (min, max) 34.8 (1.2,158.4) 24.0 (1.2, 138.0) 0.51 0.37–0.72 <0.0001
   Homestead head sex      
Female 248 (7.8) 13 (4.0) Ref.   
Male 2945 (92.2) 314 (96.0) 1.43 0.94–2.16 0.093
   Homestead demographics‡      
Population <5 yrs of age (mean (min, max)) 3.2 (0, 16) 2.6 (1, 16) 0.86 0.57–1.31 0.485
Population 5–14 yrs of age (mean (min, max)) 3.8 (0, 25) 2.8 (0, 21) 0.68 0.52–0.90 0.007
Population >44 yrs of age (mean (min, max)) 1.6 (0, 8) 1.2 (0, 7) 0.84 0.60–1.18 0.314
   Homestead member attended baraza /owns printed materials      
No 2287 (71.6) 261 (79.8) Ref.   
Yes 906 (28.4) 66 (20.2) 0.70 0.46–1.05 0.087
Mother level predictors      
   Mother is pregnant      
No 2690 (91.0) 303 (95.3) Ref.   
Yes 266 (9.0) 15 (4.7) 0.59 0.36–0.97 0.037
   Mother's marital status      
Not married 469 (14.9) 29 (14.3) Ref.   
Married 2690 (85.1) 295 (85.7) 2.74 1.83–4.10 <0.0001
Child level predictors      
   Child age      
<12 months 654 (20.5) 90 (27.5) Ref.   
≥12–59 months 2539 (79.5) 237 (72.5) 0.71 0.54–0.92 0.011
   Ownership of immunisation card      
No 581 (18.2) 37 (11.3) Ref.   
Yes 2609 (81.8) 290 (88.7) 2.00 1.10–3.64 0.023
  1. * Predictors whose multivariable results are listed in this table all had p < 0.15 in the univariate analysis
  2. ** aOR and a95% CI stand for adjusted odd ratios and adjusted 95% confidence intervals respectively. Adjustment was done for the effect of the districts
  3. ‡ Predictors under homestead demographics were transformed using natural logarithms because their probability density functions (pdf) showed that they were not normally distributed Ref. = reference level
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