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Table 2 Fixed and random effects estimates of paediatric malaria-related admissions and deaths in Zomba district, Malawi, 2002–2003

From: Patterns of malaria-related hospital admissions and mortality among Malawian children: an example of spatial modelling of hospital register data

Variable   Hospitalization Mortality
   IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI
Sex Male 1.02 (0.91, 1.14) 1.05 (0.86, 1.29)
  Female 1.00   1.00  
Age < 1 year 3.34 (2.80, 3.95) 3.74 (2.52, 5.39)
  1–4 years 1.10 (0.93, 1.30) 1.29 (0.92, 1.87)
  5–9 years 0.65 (0.54, 0.78) 0.73 (0.47, 1.10)
  10–14 years 1.00   1.00  
Heterogeneity term      
Unstructured effect τ u 2 MathType@MTEF@5@5@+=feaafiart1ev1aaatCvAUfKttLearuWrP9MDH5MBPbIqV92AaeXatLxBI9gBaebbnrfifHhDYfgasaacH8akY=wiFfYdH8Gipec8Eeeu0xXdbba9frFj0=OqFfea0dXdd9vqai=hGuQ8kuc9pgc9s8qqaq=dirpe0xb9q8qiLsFr0=vr0=vr0dc8meaabaqaciaacaGaaeqabaqabeGadaaakeaaiiGacqWFepaDdaqhaaWcbaGaemyDauhabaGaeGOmaidaaaaa@310A@ 0.17 (0.001, 0.81) 1.54 (0.002, 9.09)
Structured effect τ s 2 MathType@MTEF@5@5@+=feaafiart1ev1aaatCvAUfKttLearuWrP9MDH5MBPbIqV92AaeXatLxBI9gBaebbnrfifHhDYfgasaacH8akY=wiFfYdH8Gipec8Eeeu0xXdbba9frFj0=OqFfea0dXdd9vqai=hGuQ8kuc9pgc9s8qqaq=dirpe0xb9q8qiLsFr0=vr0=vr0dc8meaabaqaciaacaGaaeqabaqabeGadaaakeaaiiGacqWFepaDdaqhaaWcbaGaem4CamhabaGaeGOmaidaaaaa@3106@ 7.17 (2.65, 14.11) 21.77 (0.66, 92.41)
  1. Based on spatial Poisson model: Equation 1
  2. IRR-Incidence rate ratios, Cl-Confidence interval