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Table 2 Numbers of malaria risk regions in popular tourist destinations, reflecting changing incidence, highest risk regions and species diagnosed during surveillance

From: The low and declining risk of malaria in travellers to Latin America: is there still an indication for chemoprophylaxis?

   Average API's in Moderate and High risk regions    2004§
Country Highest risk regions with total provinces/departments‡ 2004# 1998 % change API 1998–2004 Highest regional API 2004¥ P.F. P.V. Totals P.V.%
Guatemala 4/26 9.6 15.8 -39% 53.68 (Peten Sur Occidente) 1,300 28,983 30,283 96%
Honduras 5/9 12.6 9.2 36% 26.55 (Islas de la Bahia) 283 9,033 9,316 97%
Brazil 66/5561 28.0 64.0 -56% 242.05 (Tocantins) 75,685 276,021 351,706 78%
Colombia 18/33 26.2 12.1 116% 233.92 (Cordoba) 42,633 69,272 111,905 62%
Ecuador 12/22 12.0 15.2 -21% 64.43 (Quininde) 5,891 22,839 28,730 79%
French Guiana 5/5 147.4 216.4 -32% 231.27 (Maripasuola) 1,901 752 2,653 28%
Peru 12/34 11.7 21.6 -46% 112.60 (Tumbes) 14,740 74,720 89,460 84%
Surinam 6/10 287.39 263.96 9% 686.07 (Upper Saramacca) 12,078 1,494 13,572 11%
Mexico 2/32 0.07 0.44 -84% 0.30 (Oaxaca) 49 3,357 3,406 99%
  1. ‡Data for Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Suriname, & Honduras is taken from PAHO Malaria programs in the America (based on 2002 data), the remaining data is taken from Malaria programs in the Americas (based on 2004 data).
  2. #Data for Brazil, French Guiana & Surinam is 2003 data
  3. ¥Data for Colombia & Suriname is taken from PAHO Malaria programs in the America (based on 2002 data), the remaining data is taken from Malaria programs in the Americas (based on 2004 data).
  4. §Data from 2003