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Table 1 The effects of parent food level, offspring food level and an interaction between them on the fitness components of emergence time, adult size, survival, blood meal size and fecundity. * = <0.05, ** = <0.01, *** = <0.001, **** = <0.0001

From: The effect of parental rearing conditions on offspring life history in Anopheles stephensi

  Fitness Effects Test Statistic p Significance
  component     
1 Emergence time (days)     
   Parental food χ2 = 2.7 0.09  
   Offspring food χ2 = 699.7 <0.0001 ***
   Gender χ2 = 41.4 <0.0001 ***
   Parental*Offspring χ2 = 1.2 0.21  
2 Size (wing length)     
   Parental food F1,593 = 1.2 0.27  
   Offspring food F1,594 = 2567 <0.0001 ***
   Gender F1,594 = 900 <0.0001 ***
   Parental*Offspring F1,592 = 0.7 0.39  
3a Survival (days)     
   Parental food χ2 = 1.1 0.30  
   Offspring food χ2 = 96.7 <0.0001 ***
   Gender χ2 = 1.9 0.17  
   Parental*Offspring χ2 = 1.1 0.30  
3b controlling for offspring adult size Parental food χ2 = 0.8 0.38  
   Offspring food χ2 = 62.9 <0.0001 ***
   Gender χ2 = 1.6 0.20  
   Parental*Offspring χ2 = 1.6 0.20  
4a Blood meal size (haematin)     
   Parental food F1,13 = 3.29 0.09  
   Offspring food F1,14 = 7.3 0.017 *
   Parental*Offspring F1,12 = 0.8 0.39  
4b controlling for offspring adult size Parental food F1,12 = 3.1 0.1  
   Offspring food F1,13 = 6.9 0.02 *
   Parental*Offspring F1,11 = 0.9 0.35  
5a Fecundity (egg number)     
   Parental food F1,14 = 6.7 0.02 *
   Offspring food F1,13 = 3.2 0.096  
   Parental*Offspring F1,12 = 2.5 0.13  
5b controlling for offspring adult size Parental food F1,13 = 5.9 0.03 *
   Offspring food F1,12 = 3.0 0.1  
   Parental*Offspring F1,11 = 2.4 0.14  
5c controlling for daughters blood meal size Parental food F1,11 = 16.7 0.0018 **
   Offspring food F1,11 = 8.0 0.016 *
   Parental*Offspring F1,11 = 5.6 0.037 *