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Table 1 Sex, age and markers of severity of malaria at enrollment among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children under 5 years, Kampala, Uganda

From: The effect of HIV on morbidity and mortality in children with severe malarial anaemia

Baseline variables HIV- uninfected children (n = 769) HIV-infected children (n = 78) Total N = 847 P-value*
Sex (female) 356 46% 37 47% 393 46% 0.85
Age under 1 year 321 42% 30 38% 351 41% 0.58
Respiratory distress 287 37% 30 38% 317 37% 0.84
Jaundice 71 9% 6 8% 77 9% 0.64
Splenomegaly 388 52% 41 53% 429 52% 0.87
Hepatomegaly 160 21% 15 19% 175 21% 0.68
Post-transfusion severe anaemia+ 494 78% 51 80% 545 78% 0.78
Pre-transfusion hyper-parasitaemia 55 7% 6 8% 61 7% 0.82
Treatment with Quinine (I.V.) 584 76% 57 74% 641 76% 0.57
  1. *Chi-square test for difference in proportions
  2. +Enrollment haemoglobin levels available for 632 HIV-uninfected children and 66 HIV-infected children