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Table 1 Characteristics of women with live singleton delivery at Agogo Hospital, southern Ghana, in 2000 and 2006

From: Decline of placental malaria in southern Ghana after the implementation of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy

Parameter Year of delivery 2006 vs. 2000, P 2006 vs. 2000 subset, P
2000 2000, matching dates subset 2006
No. 839 197 226 - -
Residence in Agogo (%) 48.9 50.3 42.5 0.09 0.13
Age (years; median, range) 25 (15–47)a 25 (16–42)b 26 (16–42) 0.12 0.31
Proportion without school degree (%) 15.4 (128/829) 13.8 (27/195) 10.4 (23/222) 0.06 0.27
Parity (median, range) 2 (1–11) 2 (1–9) 2 (1–11) 0.14 0.43
Primiparae (%) 36.5 (304/832) 34.2 (66/193) 32.7 0.29 0.75
Proportion caesarean section (%) 22.1 18.3 24.8 0.38 0.11
No. of ANC visits (mean, range) 3.9 (0–12) 3.9 (0–11) 4.5 (0–14) 0.01 0.047
Proportion with > 3 ANC visits 52.3 (429/821) 48.7 (93/191) 58.7 (131/223) 0.08 0.04
Birth weight (g; median, range) 2,950 (1,280–4,500)c 2,900 (1,450–4,350) 3,080 (1,600–5,460)d 0.02 0.0008
LBW (%) 16.0 (134/838) 19.3 12.4 (28/225) 0.19 0.05
Haemoglobin (g/dL; median, range) 11.5 (4.6–16.8) 11.7 (4.6–15.0) 12.0 (7.2–15.9) < 0.0001 0.04
Maternal anaemia (%) 35.2 33.0 23.5 0.0009 0.03
Severe anaemia (Hb < 7; %) 1.8 1.5 0 0.05 0.10
Fever (%) 2.8 (23/826) 1.5 (3/196) 6.6 0.006 0.01
  1. ANC, antenatal care; LBW, low birth weight; a, n = 827; b, n = 192; c, n , = 838; d, n = 225