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Table 4 Clinical and parasitological indices in delivering women in 2006 according to intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy

From: Decline of placental malaria in southern Ghana after the implementation of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy

Parameter Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy
Nonea All One dose Two doses Three doses
No. 53 173 60 59 54
Age 24 (17–42) 27 (16–41)* 26 (16–40) 26 (16–40) 28 (16–41)*
Primiparae (%) 41.5 30.1 35.0 27.1 27.8
Proportion with > 3 ANC visits (%) 35.3 (18/51) 65.7* (113/172) 41.7 65.5* (38/58) 92.6*
Birth weight (g; median, range) 2,900 (1,820–4,000) 3,100 (1,600–5,460) 3,025 (2,200–5,460) 3,100 (1,600–4,250) 3,125 (2,030–4,100)
LBW (%) 15.4 (8/52) 11.6 10.0 15.3 9.3
Hb (g/dL; median, range) 11.5 (7.2–14.5) 12.1 (7.7–15.9)* 12.1 (8.4–15.6)* 11.9 (7.7–14.4) 12.4 (9.3–15.9)*
Maternal anaemia (%) 39.6 18.5* 16.7* 27.1 11.1*
Fever (%) 1.9 8.1 13.3* 5.1 5.6
Placental infection (%)      
   Microscopy 20.8 13.3 13.3 15.3 11.1
   Pigment 26.4 15.0 15.0 15.3 14.8
   HRP2 35.8 17.9* 13.3* 22.0 18.5*
   PCR 49.1 26.6* 21.7* 32.2 25.9*
  1. a, includes one women with previous chloroquine chemoprophylaxis; b, median, range; *, as compared to women without IPTp, P < 0.05