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Table 1 Characteristics of health facilities and health workers during 2004 and 2006 surveys in Zambia

From: Paediatric malaria case-management with artemether-lumefantrine in Zambia: a repeat cross-sectional study

  2004 2006
Health facility characteristics N = 94 N = 104
  No (%) No (%)
Type of facility   
   Hospital-affiliated health center 7 (7.4) 6 (5.8)
   Urban health center 7 (7.4) 8 (7.7)
   Rural health center 78 (83.0) 87 (83.7)
   Health post 2 (2.1) 3 (2.9)
Equipment available at facility   
   Weighing scale 92 (97.9) 99 (97.1)*
   Thermometer 91 (97.8) 90 (88.2)*
   Working microscope 16 (17.0) 18 (17.3)
   Malaria rapid diagnostic test 0 65 (62.5)
   Any test (malaria rapid diagnostic test or microscopy) 16 (17.0) 76 (73.1)
Wall charts   
   Artemether-lumefantrine dosage chart 19 (20.2) 78 (75.0)
   Sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine dosage chart 48 (51.1) 39 (37.5)
   Quinine dosage chart 4 (4.3) 4 (3.9)
Available drugs on the survey day   
   Artemether-lumefantrine (any non-expired tablets) 48 (51.1) 62 (59.6)
   Sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (any formulation) 94 (100) 96 (92.3)
   Quinine (injection) 68 (72.3) 78 (75.0)
   Quinine (tablets) 74 (78.7) 90 (86.5)
   Chloroquine (any formulation) 71 (75.5) 0
Health worker characteristics N = 103 N = 135
  No (%) No (%)
Pre-service training   
   Clinical officer 30 (29.1) 38 (28.2)§
   Enrolled Nurse 49 (47.6) 52 (38.5)
   Registered nurse 4 (3.9) 10 (7.4)
   Other 20 (19.4) 35 (25.9)
In-service training including recommendations on the use of artemether-lumefantrine 26 (25.2) 55 (40.7)
Possession of guidelines that included artemether-lumefantrine recommendations 60 (58.3) 124 (91.9)
Frequency of supervision (past 6 months)   
   0 visit 14 (13.6) 16 (11.9)
   1 visit 22 (21.4) 56 (41.5)
   2 visits 42 (40.8) 52 (38.5)
   3 or more visits 25 (24.3) 11 (8.1)
  1. * Denominator does not include two observations with missing value
  2. P-value < 0.05 using chi-square test of significance
  3. Denominator does not include one observation with missing value
  4. § The clinical officer category includes one physician