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Table 1 The influence of autoclaving larval habitat soils on fitness parameters of An. gambiae mosquitoes.

From: Larval habitats of Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae) influences vector competence to Plasmodium falciparum parasites

  Rearing substrates for larvae
Mosquito parameter measured. Insectary Clay soils Sandy soils Prob.
Un-autoclaved soils     
   Larval development time (d) ± SD 6.33 ± 0.33 5.0 ± 0.57 5.7 ± 0.88 0.606
   Pupation rates 94.1% 43.3% 55.3% 0.260
   Wing sizes ± SE 3.12 ± 0.22 3.08 ± 0.10 3.16 ± 0.07 0.523
Autoclaved soils     
   Larval development time (d) ± SD 6.3 ± 0.33 5.7 ± 0.88 5.3 ± 0.88 0.661
   Pupation rates 82.7% 55.3% 65.7% 0.451
   Wing size ± SE 2.85 ± 0.12 2.94 ± 0.11 2.86 ± 0.13 0.641
  1. #Values are means ± SD of readings from 12 experiments for all the 3 habitat types. In the control group, mosquitoes were reared in lake water using standard protocols.