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Table 5 Actions following first use of OTC medicines (%: 95% CI)

From: Use of over-the-counter malaria medicines in children and adults in three districts in Kenya: implications for private medicine retailer interventions

  Busia Kwale Makueni Overall P
Children
No further action after OTC 511/540
(94.6)
(92.3, 96.6)
657/837
(77.9)
(73.3, 82.0)
469/598
(78.3)
(73.4, 82.6)
1637/1975
(82.9)
(81.1, 84.5)
<0.001
2nd action is use of clinic 24/540
(4.4)
(2.8, 6.5)
153/837
(18.3)
(15.7, 21.1)
107/598
(17.9)
(14.9, 21.2)
284/1975
(14.4)
(12.8, 16.0)
<0.001
Visits clinic within 48 h* 8/24
(33.3)
(15.6, 55.3)
37/153
(24.2)
(17.6, 31.7)
41/107
(38.3)
(29.1, 48.2)
86/284
(30.3)
(24.9, 35.9)
0.05
Adults
No further action after OTC : 427/453
(94.3)
(91.7, 96.2)
923/1065
(86.4)
(83.1, 89.0)
637/717
(88.6)
(85.6, 91.0)
1987/2235
(88.9)
(87.5, 90.1)
<0.001
2nd action is use of clinic : 4/453
(0.9)
(0.2, 2.2)
104/1065
(9.8)
(8.0, 11.7)
63/717
(8.8)
(6.8, 11.1)
171/2235
(7.7)
(6.5, 8.8)
<0.001
Visits clinic within 48 h 3/4
(75.0)
(19.4,99.3)
32/104
(30.1)
(22.1, 40.6)
11/63
(17.5)
(9.0, 29.1)
46/171
(26.9)
(20.4, 34.2
0.015
  1. *. Within 48 hours of the onset of the illness