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Table 5 Actions following first use of OTC medicines (%: 95% CI)

From: Use of over-the-counter malaria medicines in children and adults in three districts in Kenya: implications for private medicine retailer interventions

  Busia Kwale Makueni Overall P
Children
No further action after OTC 511/540 (94.6) (92.3, 96.6) 657/837 (77.9) (73.3, 82.0) 469/598 (78.3) (73.4, 82.6) 1637/1975 (82.9) (81.1, 84.5) <0.001
2nd action is use of clinic 24/540 (4.4) (2.8, 6.5) 153/837 (18.3) (15.7, 21.1) 107/598 (17.9) (14.9, 21.2) 284/1975 (14.4) (12.8, 16.0) <0.001
Visits clinic within 48 h* 8/24 (33.3) (15.6, 55.3) 37/153 (24.2) (17.6, 31.7) 41/107 (38.3) (29.1, 48.2) 86/284 (30.3) (24.9, 35.9) 0.05
Adults
No further action after OTC : 427/453 (94.3) (91.7, 96.2) 923/1065 (86.4) (83.1, 89.0) 637/717 (88.6) (85.6, 91.0) 1987/2235 (88.9) (87.5, 90.1) <0.001
2nd action is use of clinic : 4/453 (0.9) (0.2, 2.2) 104/1065 (9.8) (8.0, 11.7) 63/717 (8.8) (6.8, 11.1) 171/2235 (7.7) (6.5, 8.8) <0.001
Visits clinic within 48 h 3/4 (75.0) (19.4,99.3) 32/104 (30.1) (22.1, 40.6) 11/63 (17.5) (9.0, 29.1) 46/171 (26.9) (20.4, 34.2 0.015
  1. *. Within 48 hours of the onset of the illness