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Table 1 The most common diagnoses of non malarial febrile illnesses

From: Treatment of malaria restricted to laboratory-confirmed cases: a prospective cohort study in Ugandan children

Diagnoses* Total (%) n = 1602 Age < 5 years (%) n = 742 Age ≥ 5 years (%) n = 860 RR (95%CI) p-value
Upper respiratory tract infection 754 (47%) 388 (52%) 366 (43%) 1.2 (1.1–1.4) 0.0001
Common cold 469 (29%) 247 (33%) 222 (26%) 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 0.001
Non-specified fever 233 (15%) 86 (12%) 147 (17%) 0.7 (0.5–0.9) 0.002
Pharyngitis/Tonsillitis 196 12%) 76 (10%) 120 (14%) 0.7 (0.6–1.0) 0.028
Diarrhea 157(10%) 95 (13%) 62 (7%) 1.8 (1.3–2.4) 0.0002
Skin infections/wounds 121 (8%) 55 (7%) 66 (7%) 1.0 (0.7–1.4) 0.843
Pneumonia 57(4%) 43 (6%) 14 (2%) 3.6 (2.0–6.5) <0.001
Urinary tract infection 32 (2%) 15 (2%) 17 (0.8%) 1.0 (0.5–2.0) 0.949
Otitis media 22 (1%) 17 (2%) 5 (0.6%) 3.9 (1.5–10.6) 0.003
  1. * Patients may have had more that one diagnosis
  2. RR = Relative risk for age < 5 years versus age ≥ 5 years