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Table 1 Summary of studies describing reduction in malaria in sub-Saharan Africa

From: Presumptive treatment of fever cases as malaria: help or hindrance for malaria control?

Years of
Measure of
Sub-Saharan Africa1 1985 to 1999; 2000 to 2007 Parasite prevalence abstracted from over 2,000 sources 15% (average) reduction No reason given
Coastal Kenya2 1999 to 2007 Malaria specific hospital admissions 63%, 53% and 28% reduction in 3 district hospitals Malaria control interventions
Ifakara, Tanzania3 1995 to 2000 Incidence of malaria in < 5 year old children Reduced from 0.8 to 0.43 episodes per child per year Economic improvements, liberalisation of health sector and malaria control interventions
Zanzibar, Tanzania4 2003 to 2006 Parasite prevalence 97% reduction Artemisinin Combination Therapy and Insecticide Treated Nets
Mozambique, South Africa and Swaziland5 2000–2004 Parasite prevalence > 60% fall in parasite prevalence in all 3 zones studied Indoor residual spraying
Guinea-Bissau6 1994 versus 2003/2004 Parasite prevalence Reduced from 44–79% to 3% Untreated bed nets and urbanisation
Eritrea7 2000 to 2004 Incidence of clinical malaria and case fatality rate reported by health facilities Decrease in malaria incidence of 83.3% and case fatality by from 0.21 to 0.14% Climate change and malaria control methods (ITNs, IRS and early case detection and treatment)