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Table 4 Risk of death in severe malaria after pre-hospital antimalarial drugs

From: Early home treatment of childhood fevers with ineffective antimalarials is deleterious in the outcome of severe malaria

Antimalarial drugs Died (18) Survived (250) RR(95% CI) *p
n % n %
Chloroquine 12 66.7 79 31.6 4.25(1.54–11.7) 0.004
Amodiaquine 2 11.1 17 6.8 1.71(0.36–8.07) 0.371
Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine 1 5.6 11 4.4 1.33(0.16–10.93) 0.559
Quinine 1 5.6 0 0.0 - 0.067
Halofanthrin 1 5.6 2 0.8 7.29(0.62–84.5) 0.189
Artesunate only 1 5.6 1 0.4 14.6(0.87–24.5) 0.130
  1. *Fishers exact test used