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Table 3 All-cause mortality rates in The Gambia for children under five from longitudinal studies

From: Comparison of all-cause and malaria-specific mortality from two West African countries with different malaria transmission patterns

     Annual Mortality rate 2  
Study area N1 Study type Period of study IMR CMR U5MR References
Mandinka villages 1698 Longitudinal 1946–51 531.6    [30]
Keneba village 915 Longitudinal 1951–55 242.2 82.8 112.2 [28]
    1956–60 212.4 101.3 120.8  
    1961–65 302.8 105.7 140.5  
    1966–70 287.0 124.2 151.3  
    1971–75 172.7 109.4 119.8  
Manduar village, 441 Longitudinal 1951–55 32.5 21.9 24.0 [28]
    1956–60 182.2 60.9 84.3  
    1961–65 154.0 70.1 86.0  
    1966–70 157.5 87.9 100.6  
    1971–75 196.6 71.4 95.4  
Farafenni area 2505 Longitudinal 1981–82 152.9 43.2 64.8 [58]
  8091   1983–86 125.4 38.5 55.6 [34]
  2000   1983 103    [59]
  1671   1983–87    39.7 [42]
  1082   1982–83 154.8 44.6 70.2 [25]
  3194   1983–86 134.3 37.3 58.5  
  3206   1989–92 74.5 34.6 43.9  
  2270   1992–94 90.9 37.7 49.3  
  2161   1994–96 78.5 33.7 43.9  
  1364   1999    17.7 [60]
  487   1999    29.0 [61]
  170003   1998–02 84.2 28.4 40.5 [62]
Upper River Division 2393 Longitudinal 1982–83 77 42.5 49.5 [63]
  931   1986–87 40 20.1 23.8  
  389   1985    20.6 [64]
  25670   1988–89 96 17.1 35.8 [22]
  5414   19894 92.0 18.7 110.6 [29,65]
  5119   1990 71.7 16.5 88.2  
  5256   1991 80.5 22.1 102.6  
  5324   1992 71.8 15.0 86.8  
  5781   1993 84.1 21.3 105.4  
Lower River Division (South Bank) 3801 Longitudinal 1977 206.9   82.8 [31]
  3801   1982 165.7   60.8  
  3801   1987 137.9   46.8  
  20000 3   1988–89 120 41 66.0 [21]
  1538   1988 127.1 31.5 50.6 [66]
  1592   1989 105.1 24.2 41.2  
Banjul area 9584 Hospital-based 1988–90    35.6 [67]
  576   1992–94    25.2 [23]
Several divisions 18911 Longitudinal 1992–93 72.4   19.9 [68]
  2025   1949–75 221 86 145.0 [32]
  980   1975–84 61.7 21 35.1  
  976   1985–97 37.8 8 18.0  
  1. 1 Number of children below five years.
  2. 2 IMR, CMR and U5MR are rates per 1,000 person-years. Estimated mortality rates are in italics. IMR = Infant Mortality Rate (0–1), CMR = Child Mortality Rate (1–4 years), U5MR = Under-five Mortality Rate (0–4 year).
  3. 3 Whole population and not under-5 year population.
  4. 4 Rates per 1,000 mid-year population