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Table 1 Details of sample collections.

From: Failure to detect Plasmodium vivax in West and Central Africa by PCR species typing

Collection area Number Sampling year Sampling method (ACD/PCD)* Age Reference
Burkina Faso1 108 2002 ACD < 10 22
Republic of Congo 851 2005–2006 PCD (clinic) all ages This study
Gabon 206 2005 PCD (clinic) all ages This study
Ghana1 352 2004 ACD < 15 This study
Kenya 722 1998 ACD All ages This study
Sao Tome1,2 70 2004 PCD (clinic) All ages 23
Angola1,2 90 2003–2004 PCD (clinic) 1–5 24
Mozambique1,2 90 2004 PCD (clinic) 1–5 25
Rwanda1,2 99 2003 PCD (clinic) All ages 26
Total 2588     
  1. 1 Only P. falciparum positive samples were available for analysis
  2. 2 Only P. falciparum single species infections (diagnosed by microscopy) were analysed
  3. *ACD; active case detection, PCD; passive case detection