Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Medicines prescribed to febrile children attending the study PHC facilities in the three study arms.

From: Impact of training in clinical and microscopy diagnosis of childhood malaria on antimalarial drug prescription and health outcome at primary health care level in Tanzania: A randomized controlled trial

Parameters Clinical algorithm + microscopy (Arm-I) Clinical algorithm (Arm-II) No special Training (Arm-III)
Total number of patients 973 1058 1100
Patients with prescriptions 944 (97.0) 1057 (99.9) 1097 (99.7)
   Antimalarial drugs 576 (61.0) (CI: 51.6, 70.3) 1008 (95.2) (CI: 85.7, 100) 1091 (99.4) (CI: 90.9, 100)
   Antibiotics 434 (45.9) (CI: 28.1, 63.7) 593 (54.8) (CI: 37.1, 72.6) 375 (34.2) (CI: 17.9,50.5)
   Antipyretics 903 (95.7) 1027 (97.2) 1041(94.9)
Number of drugs prescribed 2306 2961 2718
Number of drugs per prescription 2.5 3.0 2.5
Average cost per antimalarial treatment 0.083 US$ 0.072 US$ 0.062 US$
Average cost of antimalarial drug/patient 0.050 US$ 0.070 US$ 0.062 US$
Average cost of all drugs/patient 0.200 US$ 0.250 US$ 0.170 US$
  1. Values are numbers (percentages).
  2. CI = (95% confidence interval).
  3. 1 US$ = 1000 Tanzanian shillings.