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Table 6 Results of Wilcoxon signed-ranks tests on Pf PR values between GRUMP-UE defined urban (U) and rural (R) survey pairs (* = p < 0.05, ** = p < 0.01)

From: Human population, urban settlement patterns and their impact on Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity

   U > R R > U U = R   
Dataset No. pairs cases mean rank cases mean rank cases Z Signif.
All 360 85 109.09 251 188.62 24 -10.682 **
Africa and Yemen 316 69 101.12 238 169.33 9 -10.704 **
Rest of World 44 16 12.75 13 17.77 15 -0.292  
NDVI < 0.35 141 36 44.56 101 77.71 4 -6.709 **
NDVI > = 0.35 219 49 64.12 150 111.72 20 -8.369 **