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Table 2 Villagers' knowledge and practice related to djèkouadjo in Zatta and Adibrobo, central Côte d'Ivoire

From: Social and cultural aspects of 'malaria' and its control in central Côte d'Ivoire

Variable Total Village
Zatta Adibrobo χ2 P-value
Symptoms      
   Fever 163 (70%) 119 (71%) 44 (69%) 0.1 0.75
   Loss of appetite 112 (48%) 90 (54%) 22 (34%) 6.8 0.009
   Headache 79 (34%) 63 (36%) 16 (25%) 3.2 0.073
   Yellow eyes 75 (32%) 54 (32%) 21 (33%) 0.0 0.922
   Yellow urine 66 (28%) 48 (29%) 18 (28%) 0.0 0.946
   Vomiting 29 (13%) 22 (13%) 7 (11%) 0.2 0.657
Perceived causes      
   Sun 171 (74%) 126 (75%) 45 (70%) 0.5 0.469
   Mosquitoes 150 (65%) 118 (70%) 32 (50%) 8.3 0.004
   God 16 (7%) 12 (7%) 4 (6%) 0.0 0.960
   Sorcerer 13 (6%) 13 (8%) 0 3.9 0.048
   Ancestor 6 (3%) 6 (4%) 0 1.1 0.285
Actors approached for problem solving      
   Family 187 (80%) 149 (89%) 38 (59%) 25.5 <0.001
   Individual 42 (18%) 25 (15%) 17 (27%) 4.3 0.039
   Village 25 (11%) 10 (6%) 15 (23%) 14.7 <0.001
Traditional treatment prescribed by      
   Relatives 100 (46%) 82 (52%) 18 (30%) 8.6 0.003
   Traditional healer 59 (27%) 47 (30%) 12 (20%) 2.2 0.141
   Self-medication 56 (30%) 29 (19%) 27 (45%) 15.7 <0.001
   Friend 21 (10%) 15 (10%) 6 (10%) 0.0 0.921
Preferred treatment of the sick person      
   Traditional 136 (59%) 107 (64%) 29 (45%) 6.5 0.011
   Modern 76 (33%) 46 (27%) 30 (47%) 8,0 0.005
   Don't know 16 (7%) 11 (7%) 5 (8%) 0.1 0.734
Diseases caused by mosquitoes      
   Malaria 206 (89%) 155 (93%) 51 (80%) 8.3 0.004
   Pimples (wheals) 130 (56%) 103 (62%) 27 (42%) 6.9 0.009
   Fever 91 (39%) 67 (40%) 24 (38%) 0.1 0.740
   Itching 83 (36%) 66 (39%) 17 (25%) 3.3 0.071
   Does not know 8 (3%) 6 (4%) 2 (3%) 0.1 0.813
Measures against mosquitoes      
   Removal of vegetation 137 (60%) 108 (65%) 29 (46%) 6.6 0.010
   Removal of stagnant water 106 (46%) 87 (52%) 19 (30%) 8.9 0.003
   Use of insecticides 55 (24%) 52 (31%) 3 (5%) 17.5 <0.001
   Bush fire 18 (8%) 18 (11%) 0 5.9 0.014