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Table 3 Knowledge, belief and practices about djèkouadjo among household heads in Zatta and Adibrobo, central Côte d'Ivoire

From: Social and cultural aspects of 'malaria' and its control in central Côte d'Ivoire

Variable Total Wealth quintiles CI SE t-test (CI)
Poorest (n = 47) Very poor (n = 46) Poor (n = 49) Less poor (n = 44) Least poor (n = 46)
Symptoms          
   Fever 70 79 67 57 64 85 0.009 0.048 0.18
   Loss of appetite 48 45 50 44 48 54 0.028 0.019 1.51
   Headache 34 30 33 33 39 37 0.047 0.010 4.96*
   Yellow eyes 32 28 28 33 39 35 0.061 0.013 4.68*
   Yellow urine 28 30 24 33 30 26 -0.005 0.024 -0.21
   Vomiting 13 17 13 6 18 9 -0.075 0.084 -0.89
Perceived cause of malaria          
   Sun 74 79 67 84 77 61 -0.028 0.030 -0.92
   Mosquitoes 65 47 67 53 68 89 0.105 0.043 2.44*
   God 7 6 13 6. 7 2. -0.171 0.124 -1.38
   Sorcerer 6 4 13 6 5 0 -0.241 0.205 -1.17
   Ancestor 3 2 7 2. 3 0 -0.263 0.198 -1.33
Modern treatment          
   Pill 91 86 88 100 93 85 0.004 0.018 0.24
   Injection 45 57 47 38 31 45 -0.073 0.045 -1.63
   Perfusion 7 0 12 8 6 5 0.063 0.213 0.29
   Drinking solution 4 0 6 8 0 4 0.069 0.229 0.30
Modern prevention          
   Insecticide spray 39 20 37 33 50 58 0.183 0.056 3.29*
   Bed net 16 7 7 13 24 30 0.324 0.048 6.80*
   Fumigating coil 4 6 4 4 5 2 -0.154 0.071 -2.17*
Traditional treatment          
   Herbal tea 48 55 54 41 57 35 -0.064 0.044 -1.48
   Enema 31 23 35 33 32 33 0.040 0.040 1.02
   Washings 8. 9 4 8 2 17 0.153 0.156 0.99
Traditional prevention          
   Herbal tea 43 41 64 40 50 13 -0.136 0.122 -1.12
   Enema 41 41 36 40 20 75 0.0960 0.111 0.87
   Does not know 17 18 9. 30 30 0 -0.0650 0.2113 -0.31
Avoidance of modern medicine          
   High cost 61 61 67 62 61 58 -0.015 0.011 -1.30
   Treatment inefficient 16 15 16 17 20 11 -0.017 0.061 -0.27
   Unfriendly staff 7 7 9 6 7 7 -0.021 0.029 -0.74
Avoidance of traditional medicine          
   Lengthy healing process 17 19 15 18 9 24 0.016 0.082 0.20
   High cost 6. 4 9 6 7 4 -0.021 0.086 -0.25
   Treatment inefficient 3 0 9 2 5 2 0.003 0.241 0.01
   Does not know 0 2 0 0 0 0 -0.797 0.180 -4.44
Actions against mosquitoes          
   Removal of vegetation 60 52 65 49 61 71 0.045 0.030 1.54
   Removal of stagnant water 46 44 47 37 48 58 0.051 0.033 1.55
   Insecticide spray 24 13 30 16 36 24 0.096 0.082 1.16
   Bush fire 8 9 6 6 11 7 0.008 0.060 0.13