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Table 1 Characteristics of hypoglycaemic children (BGC < 60 mg/dl) on admission to Sikasso paediatric ward

From: Sublingual sugar for hypoglycaemia in children with severe malaria: A pilot clinical study

  Sublingual Sugar (SLS)
n = 14
(95%CI)
Intravenous Glucose (IVG)
n = 9
(95%CI)
Sex (% F) 29 44
Mean age (months) 26.7 (19.8–33.7) 34.3 (5.8–62.8)
Mean weight (kg) 10.8 (9.4–12.7) 10.1 (6.9–13.1)
Duration of illness before presentation (days) 2.55 (1.4–4.1) 2.79 (1.8–3.1)
Coma£ 2 (14%) 5 (56%)
Prostration (%) 12 (86%) 7 (78%)
Convulsions (%) 3 (21%) 1 (11%)
Respiratory distress (%) 7 (50%) 5 (56%)
Splenomegaly (%) 4 (29%) 4 (44%)
Malnutrition (%)* 1 (7%) 0
Mean temperature °C 38.9 (38.3–39.3) 38.3 (37.2–39.3)
Mean glycaemia (mg/dl) 46.5 (40.7–52.2) 45.0 (36.0–53.9)
Number of children with BGC < 40 mg/dl (< 2.2 mmol/l) 3 (21%) 2 (22%)
Number of children with BGC < 54 mg/dl (< 3.0 mml/L) 10 (71%) 6 (79%)
Thick film positive for P. falciparum (%) 11 (79%) 8 (89%)
  1. £ p = 0.06, The mean blood glucose was 50.0 and 47.6 mg/dl in the comatose children in groups SLS and IVG, respectively.
  2. * underweight: weight for age below 2 standard deviation