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Table 1 Typical components of regional African diets for adults and infants

From: The content of African diets is adequate to achieve optimal efficacy with fixed-dose artemether-lumefantrine: a review of the evidence

Region Adults Infants
East Africa Starchy foods (e.g. cooked bananas, potatoes, cassava, corn, wheat products, rice). Food consumed to accompany starches includes beef, lamb, poultry, stews made of legumes, soups, vegetables (mostly fried in cooking oil or fat or cream) and peanut/groundnut-based sauces Exclusively 4–6 months unless contraindicated. Weaning may start from month 3 onwards
Supplementary milk from cows
Early food: porridge containing milk or coconut oil.
West Africa Bean balls fried with oil, maize fortified with palm oil, groundnuts, bread, eggs, rice, yam, beef or fish stew, yams, vegetables (mostly fried in cooking oil) Exclusively breast-fed up to 4 to 6 months unless contraindicated
Supplementary milk (cow milk or baby formula)
Early foods include chocolate drinks, mashed yam, beans
Central Africa Rice, cassava, sorghum, millet, vegetables (fried in peanut oil), palm oil, fish, meat Exclusively breast-fed up to 6 months
Supplementary milk from cows
Early food: porridge from maize meal and milk
Southern Africa Maize, mashed potatoes, vegetables, beef, rice, bread, cassava Exclusively breast-fed up to 6 months unless contraindicated
Supplementary milk from cows
Early food: porridge maize meal