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Table 3 Likelihood of initially seeking malaria treatment at a medical facility, according to symptom severity, distance and socioeconomic factors.

From: Malaria treatment-seeking behaviour and recovery from malaria in a highland area of Kenya

  Adults (N = 100) Children (N = 63)a
  N ORb 95% CI P N ORb 95% CI P
Severe symptoms         
   Absent 34 1    41 1   
   Present 66 1.11 0.44, 2.80 NS 22 2.31 0.68, 7.74 NS
Education         
   None 24 1    11 1   
   Primary or higher 76 0.61 0.21, 1.74 NS 52 0.66 0.13, 3.31 NS
Distance from health centrec         
   <2 km 58 1    29 1   
   ≥2 km 36 0.61 0.24, 1.54 NS 28 0.61 0.41, 4.58 NS
Wealth index         
   1st quartile 24 1    15 1   
   2nd quartile 20 1.41 0.37, 5.36 NS 12 5.71 0.92, 35.32 0.06
   3rd quartile 28 2.82 0.74, 10.77 NS 17 7.10 1.18, 42.88 0.03
   4th quartile 28 0.86 0.24, 2.93 NS 17 2.52 0.26, 10.02 NS
  1. aSymptoms in children; other factors in caretakers. Information incomplete in 3 children.
  2. bAdjusted odds ratio for seeking initial treatment at a medical facility vs. any other treatment source.
  3. cInformation on distance from health centre obtained for 94 adults and 57 children.
  4. NS = not significant.