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Table 1 Main characteristics of the ITN and IRS programmes that were reviewed.

From: Costs and consequences of large-scale vector control for malaria

  Population covered
(millions)
Period Total number of nets Total number of re-treatments Total economic cost
(Mio USD)
Net coverage in children under five years
       Any net ITN
ITN Programmes        
Eritrea 2.9 2001–05 900,000 2,000,000 3.7 Nav 59
Togo 5.3 2004 900,000 0 6.5 Nav 54
Malawi 12.2 1999–05 4,700,000 500,000 15.7 38 36
Senegal 10.0 2000–05 750,000 250,000 6.2 14 7
Tanzania 35.7 2002–05 6,400,000 7,800,000 30.5 41 28
IRS Programmes        
KwaZulu-Natal 0.6 1997–99 300,000 structures   2.2 High High
Mozambique 0.8 1999–01 150,000 structures   1.0 > 95% structures > 95% structures
  1. Nav = not available. ITN = insecticide-treated net.