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Table 2 Urbanization Indicators and Population in Relation to Three Urban Classification Systems

From: Quantitative urban classification for malaria epidemiology in sub-Saharan Africa

  Administrative Designation Population Density Thresholds Clustering
Variable Semi-Rural (%) Urban (%) X 2 P Semi-Rural (%) Peri-Urban (%) Urban (%) X 2 P Semi-Rural (%) Peri-Urban (%) Urban (%) X 2 P
Car ownership 1.1 9.2 29.4 <0.01 4.0 7.0 8.7 4.7 0.09 4.2 6.4 23.8 251.2 <0.01
Gas as primary fuel source 0.5 7.3 25.3 <0.01 4.7 3.8 6.9 3.9 0.14 2.8 5.5 18.1 178.6 <0.01
Earth floor in dwelling 55.3 13.9 411.3 <0.01 50.7 37.1 15.3 177.5 <0.01 33.2 12.2 6.4 322.4 <0.01
% of population 8.7 91.3    3.5 4.3 92.3    29.6 54.6 15.8