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Table 1 Anaemia, fever, parasitaemia and duration of admission among hospitalized malaria cases

From: Malaria in rural Mozambique. Part II: children admitted to hospital

  Total malaria cases Uncomplicated malaria cases Severe malaria cases Signif.#
1. PCV* on admission in children with malaria % (n/N) % (n/N) % (n/N)  
25–< 33% 32.3% (1302/4027) 33.5% (985/2945) 29.3% (317/1082) p = 0.01&
15–< 25% 48% (1931/4027) 52.0% (1532/2945) 36.9% (399/1082) p < 0.0001&
< 15% 4.6% (187/4027) 0.0% (0/2945) 17.3% (187/1082)  
Mean (SD) PCV 24.7% (6,9) 25.2% (6,3) 23.4% (8,3) p < 0.0001§
2. Fever (on admission) % (n/N) % (n/N) % (n/N)  
History of fever in the past 24 h 99.4% (4056/4079) 99.5% (2965/2979) 99.2% (1091/1100) p = 0.19&
Axillary temperature ≥ 37,5°C 66.1% (2692/4074) 65.0% (1933/2975) 69.1% (759/1099) p = 0.01&
Axillary temperature ≥ 39°C 34.7% (1413/4074) 35.1% (1045/2975) 33.5% (368/1099) p = 0.33&
Median (IQR$) length of reported fever before admission (days) 2 (1;3) 2 (1;3) 2 (1;3)  
3. Parasitaemia on admission     
Geometric mean parasitaemia (95% CI) (parasites/μL) 18838.3 (17732.6–20013.0) 20615.8 (19250.0–22078.5) 14755.7 (13022.5–16719.5) p < 0.0001##
4. Duration of admission     
Median (IQR$) length of stay (days) 3 (2;4) 3 (2;4) 3 (2;4)  
  1. *PCV: Packed Cell Volume
  2. # Significance: p-value of the statistical test comparing uncomplicated with severe cases
  3. &χ2 test
  4. §t-test
  5. $ Inter quartile range
  6. ## Wilcoxon rank sum test