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Table 2 Specific IgG immune responders and geometric mean of parasite density in rural preschool Senegalese children

From: Impact of child malnutrition on the specific anti-Plasmodium falciparum antibody response

  n Responders a (%) P b n Geometric mean of parasite densityc [95% CI] P d
Groups of children       
Malnourished children 161 118 (73.3) 0.001 140 3.87 [2.42–6.21] 0.34
Paired controls 161 140 (87.0)   140 5.27 [3.38–8.23]  
Stunted children 142 104 (73.2) 0.001 123 4.57 [2.69–7.75] 0.56
Paired controls 142 125 (88.0)   123 5.62 [3.48–9.08]  
Wasted children 19 14 (73.7) 0.65 17 1.18 [0.83–1.66] 0.13
Paired controls 19 15 (78.9)   17 3.34 [0.91–12.23]  
Stunted children (-2.5<HAZ<-2.0) 84 62 (73.8) 0.01 72 6.44 [3.01–13.80] 0.89
Paired controls 84 74 (88.1)   72 6.28 [3.23–12.22]  
Stunted children (HAZ≤-2.5) 58 42 (72.4) 0.03 51 2.71 [1.35–5.43] 0.19
Paired controls 58 51 (87.9)   51 4.93 [2.43–10.02]  
  1. a Number of IgG anti-schizont immune responders
  2. b The prevalence of immune responders between groups was compared using the Mac Nemar test.
  3. c Assessment of parasitaemia missing for 21 pairs of children.
  4. d Geometric means between groups were compared using paired t-test.