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Table 3 Demographic and socio-cultural features of children with degedege, malaria and homa(n = 235)

From: Socio-cultural factors explaining timely and appropriate use of health facilities for degedege in south-eastern Tanzania

  HF Use 1) n = 143 (60.9%) HF AM 2) n = 134 (57%) AM not HF 3) n = 54 (23%)
  Estimate P-Value Estimate P-Value Estimate P-Value
Demographics       
Degedege* 0.69 0.00 0.41 0.06 -0.39 0.19
HF availability      0.61 0.04
HF immediate use (only for AM not HF)      -1.69 0.00
Female Sex -0.78 0.02 -0.82 0.02   
Never Married      -1.98 0.02
Sep/Div      -1.14 0.21
Farmer -2.89 0.02 -1.91 0.04 -1.57 0.10
Categories of distress       
No interest to play 0.88 0.01 0.89 0.01   
Not happy      1.41 0.03
Sleeps      -1.29 0.00
Loss of appetite    -0.24 0.16 -0.42 0.09
Crying all the time -0.37 0.15     
Hot body      0.28 0.07
Hot abdomen 0.44 0.04 0.39 0.07 -1.68 0.00
Cough 0.65 0.02 0.69 0.01   
Difficult breathing 0.53 0.02 0.60 0.01   
Yellow eyes      0.71 0.08
Diarrhoea 0.29 0.07    0.49 0.00
Shivering      0.59 0.05
Body becomes stiff 0.39 0.05 0.33 0.09   
Froth in the mouth      -1.15 0.05
Easily startled -0.34 0.27     
Perceived causes       
Impure water    0.38 0.07   
Eating leftover food 1.19 0.00 1.51 0.00   
Breast feeding      2.59 0.00
Worms -0.56 0.13 -0.50 0.19 0.92 0.08
Stage of child growth 0.76 0.01 0.83 0.01 0.60 0.09
Constitution/blood weakness 0.77 0.13 1.14 0.03   
Hereditary -1.87 0.01 -1.85 0.01 -1.99 0.05
Sanitation/dirty environment      -0.45 0.08
Contamination – contact    -1.09 0.03   
Wind      1.02 0.11
Failure to abstain from sex (parent) -0.91 0.13 -0.75 0.16 -1.41 0.06
Bird/insect called degedege -0.31 0.05 -0.37 0.02 -0.80 0.04
Other mention    0.16 0.16 -0.17 0.43
Don't know      0.94 0.01
  1. Note: Model fitness based on the likelihood ratio (all models with p < 0.0001)
  2. 1) Model outcome: health facility immediate use (HF use) (same day or next day)
  3. 2) Model outcome: health facility and antimalarial immediate use (HF AM) (same day or next day)
  4. 3) Model outcome: antimalarial immediate use (AM not HF) (same day or next day) not from the health
  5. *illness identified with degedege in the illness narratives even though identified primarily with homa and malaria