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Table 2 Reported knowledge on malaria by study areas and sex (multiple responses)

From: Knowledge on the transmission, prevention and treatment of malaria among two endemic populations of Bangladesh and their health-seeking behaviour

  South-eastern districts North-eastern districts χ2 significance
  M F All M F All  
  a b c d e f c vs f
Causes of malaria        
   Mosquito bite 90.7 89.2 90.6 94.4 91.9 94.2 p < 0.001
   Fly/insect bite 4.8 4.0 4.7 2.0 1.7 2.0 p < 0.001
   Not maintaining neat and cleanliness 10.5 7.6 10.3 16.0 5.2 15.9 p < 0.001
   Others 3.5 4.2 5.4 3.5 4.2 3.6 p < 0.001
Symptoms of malaria        
   Onset of fever with shivering 76.4 72.1 76.1 83.2 81.1 83.0 p < 0.001
   Fever at intervals 19.8 22.3 21.0 25.6 27.7 25.8 p < 0.001
   Remission of fever with sweating 10.5 7.6 10.3 16.0 15.2 15.9 p < 0.001
   Others 18.5 18.7 18.5 10.3 8.6 10.2 p < 0.001
Mode of transmission        
   By bite of any mosquito 33.4 36.3 33.5 32.9 36.0 33.1 ns
   By bite of mosquito which has bitten a malarial patient 39.2 29.9 38.6 32.5 31.9 32.4 p < 0.001
   Don't know 24.4 28.3 24.7 30.6 27.7 30.4 p < 0.001
   Other 3.1 3.6 3.1 6.9 7.4 6.9 p < 0.001
Mode of prevention        
   Preventing breeding of mossquito 13.3 6.8 12.9 17.6 18.6 17.7 p < 0.001
   Using bednet 84.1 83.3 84.0 84.3 80.9 84.1 ns
   Using insecticide impregnated bednet 1.0 0.8 1.0 2.1 2.7 2.1 p < 0.001
   Using mosquito repellent/coil 16.1 13.1 15.9 19.9 20.8 20.0 p < 0.001
   Other 12.3 15.1 12.5 9.4 10.5 9.5 p < 0.001
Mode of treatment        
   Allopathic treatment 96.0 96.0 96.0 98.3 97.3 98.2 p < 0.001
   Traditional (Herbal/Kabiraji) 1.7 1.2 1.7 1.1 2.0 1.1 p < 0.01
   Faith healing 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 ns
   Homeopathic 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 ns
   Other 0.8 1.2 0.8 0.2 0.5 0.2 p < 0.001
Source of information        
   Govt. health worker 21.2 23.5 20.7 25.1 23.5 25.0 p < 0.001
   NGO health worker 26.8 18.7 26.3 16.7 14.2 16.5 p < 0.001
   Radio/TV/Newspaper 14.5 15.5 14.6 15.2 13.0 15.0 ns
   Poster/leaflet 2.4 5.6 2.6 12.9 3.2 2.0 p < 0.05
   Neighbours/relatives 34.8 43.8 35.4 48.2 27.1 48.8 p < 0.001
   Self 16.9 13.9 15.8 14.7 9.6 11.4 p < 0.05
   Other 5.7 6.0 5.7 4.2 4.2 4.2 p < 0.001
N 3499 251 3750 5591 408 5999