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Table 3 Reported knowledge on malaria by study areas and completed years of schooling (multiple responses)

From: Knowledge on the transmission, prevention and treatment of malaria among two endemic populations of Bangladesh and their health-seeking behaviour

  South-eastern districts North-eastern districts
  Completed years of schooling
  None 1–5 >5 χ2 significance None 1–5 >5 χ2 significance
Causes of malaria         
   Mosquito bite 87.4 91.6 94.7 p < 0.001 93.0 95.0 96.6 p < 0.001
   Fly/insect bite 4.5 4.5 5.2 ns 1.6 1.9 3.1 p < 0.01
   Not maintaining neat and cleanliness 8.3 11.6 12.1 p < 0.001 15.0 13.6 21.2 p < 0.001
   Others 7.1 4.5 3.7 p < 0.001 4.4 3.0 1.9 p < 0.001
Symptoms of malaria         
   Onset of fever with shivering 71.9 77.2 81.6 p < 0.001 80.0 84.9 88.8 p < 0.001
   Fever at intervals 19.2 18.4 22.5 p < 0.05 26.8 22.7 26.7 p < 0.05
   Remission of fever with sweating 8.8 11.6 12.1 p < 0.001 15.0 13.6 21.2 p < 0.001
   Others 18.5 17.6 19.2 ns 10.9 9.4 9.2 ns
Mode of transmission         
   By bite of any mosquito 34.9 37.2 28.4 p < 0.001 33.2 35.7 30.0 p < 0.05
   By bite of mosquito which has bitten a malarial patient 29.2 38.9 52.2 p < 0.001 27.5 28.5 49.8 p < 0.001
   Don't know 29.2 21.2 20.8 p < 0.001 33.6 31.9 20.2 p < 0.001
   Other 3.2 3.1 3.0 ns 7.7 6.3 5.6 p < 0.05
Mode of prevention         
   Preventing breeding of mosquito 7.8 12.9 20.3 p < 0.001 16.8 14.0 24.4 p < 0.001
   Using bed net 80.9 84.4 88.4 p < 0.001 81.4 85.2 89.7 p < 0.001
   Using insecticidal bed net 0.8 1.1 1.3 ns 1.6 2.6 2.9 p < 0.01
   Using mosquito repellent/coil 11.2 17.1 22.1 p < 0.001 15.6 21.6 30.0 p < 0.001
   Other 14.2 12.4 10.2 p < 0.05 10.9 9.0 6.5 p < 0.001
Mode of treatment         
   Allopathic treatment 94.3 96.2 98.3 p < 0.001 97.8 98.3 99.0 p < 0.02
   Traditional (Herbal/Kabiraji) 2.0 1.4 1.4 ns 1.0 1.4 1.1 ns
   Faith healing 0.5 0.5 0.5 ns 0.2 0.3 0.3 ns
   Homeopathic 0.5 0.4 0.3 ns 0.2 0.3 0.6 ns
   Other 1.2 0.7 0.4 p < 0.05 0.3 0.1 0.0 ns
Source of information         
   Govt. health worker 17.8 19.9 25.5 p < 0.001 22.7 23.5 32.9 p < 0.001
   NGO health worker 23.6 25.9 30.6 p < 0.001 15.0 17.0 20.5 p < 0.001
   Radio/TV/Newspaper 9.4 16.5 20.7 p < 0.001 12.0 13.4 24.8 p < 0.001
   Poster/leaflet 1.5 2.8 4.2 p < 0.001 2.0 1.1 2.9 p < 0.01
   Neighbours/relatives 41.6 35.7 25.8 p < 0.001 54.7 48.5 33.2 p < 0.001
   Self 13.3 16.6 19.5 p < 0.001 12.0 16.5 18.0 p < 0.001
   Other 6.5 6.5 4.0 p < 0.01 4.5 4.5 3.3 ns
N 1683 938 1129   3322 1453 1224