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Table 2 Study populations and numbers of interviews and focus groups

From: Community response to intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in infants (IPTi) delivered through the expanded programme of immunization in five African settings

Type of respondent Data collection toola Kenya Gabon Tanzania Ghana Malawi Total
Participant mothers IDI 75   63 47 57 242b
  QNN 122 119 148 159 137 685
Mother drop outsc IDI 8   21 22 42 93
Fathers SSI 15   33 80 40 168
Health workers IDI 27   47 26 25 125
  QNN 12   26 35 44 117
Health worker follow-up IDI 23   47 15 14 99
Volunteer health worker IDI NA   NA 23 15 38
Opinion leaders IDI 7   26 27 20 80
Traditional healers IDI 2   23 31 15 71
Non-participant mothers IDI NA 38+26d NA NA NA 64
Informal conversations    76     76
Participant mothers FGD 0e   19 27 18 64
Community members FGD 11 10   10 10 31
Community members (non-participant mothers) QNN   263+231f     494
  1. a IDI: in-depth interview; QNN: questionnaire; FGD: focus group discussion; SSI: semi-structured interview
  2. b Not all respondents have been included in the data that were analysed quantitatively as data collection tools varied between Gabon and the other sites. Furthermore, some modifications of the data collection tools across the other sites ensured that not all interviews could be entered in the same database. Therefore, for example although 927 participant mothers were interviewed across the five sites, the total of participant mothers referred to in the quantitative data is lower (805). All data were included for qualitative analysis.
  3. c Although aggregated as "drop outs" across the four sites, the exact definition is different in the implementation studies and the clinical trials.
  4. d In Gabon, due to the retrospective nature of data collection carried out by a consultant, a sample of mothers from the local area were interviewed during two periods of fieldwork.
  5. e In Kenya, participant mothers took part in FGDs organized with other non-participant mothers and hence have been classified as community members.
  6. f Two questionnaire surveys were undertaken in Gabon: with mothers in local schools and mothers at the mother and child clinic.