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Table 1 General characteristics of studied communities

From: Malaria has no effect on birth weight in Rwanda

Community Province Altitude (masl1)) Population size Annual malaria incidence2) Classi-fication3) Plasmodium Prevalence (%) No. studied deliveries Maternal age in years, median, range) Birth weight
(g, mean, 95% CI)
Obstetric pathology4)
Rukara Eastern 1,612 43,943 20.4 Holo >75 2,107 25 (15 – 50) 3214 (3195 – 3234) 1,5%
Bukora Eastern 1,355 17,632 16.0 Holo 75 492 26 (17 – 45) 3239 (3198 – 3279) 3%
Busoro Southern 1,478 24,146 19.2 Hyper 30 – 50 1,076 26 (16 – 48) 3048 (3022 – 3074) 15%
Mashesha Western 1,239 32,015 25.4 Hyper 30 – 50 1,096 26 (16 – 48) 3181 (3155 – 3208) 10%
Karambi Western 1,750 21,758 15.0 Meso 11 – 50 819 27 (17 – 48) 3024 (2993 – 3055) 0.6%
Mubuga Western 1,656 13,232 17.0 Meso 11 – 50 400 26 (14 – 47) 3645 (3601 – 3690) 0.9%
Bungwe Northern 2,393 26,690 14.5 Hypo <3 1,033 26 (16 – 49) 3145 (3120 – 3170) 2%
Kivumu Western 2.013 28,060 8.1 Hypo <3 2065 23 (16 – 50) 3066 (3047 – 3085) 10%
Mbuga Southern 2,528 39,153 2.4 Hypo <3 692 24 (14 – 50) 3006 (2974 – 3037) 1.8%
Rwaza Northern 1,749 18,808 15.1 Hypo <3 663 26 (16 – 47) 3007 (2974 – 3040) 1.4%
Kicukiro Kigali 1,567 33,010 - Urban NA 1,436 25 (14 – 45) 3139 (3116 – 3163) 0.2%
  1. Legend: 1) masl: meters above sea level; 2) Mean annual malaria incidence/1000 capita: Total incidence: incidence of presumed malaria + incidence confirmed malaria; 3)The classical malariometric classification in holoendemic, hyperendemic, mesoendemic and hypo(epi-)endemic; "urban" indicates Kigali where there is no local malaria transmission; 4)the incidence of still birth plus the incidence of premature delivery.