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Table 3 Characteristics of patients prescribed first-line therapy (ART-AQ) or a co-prescription of antibiotics

From: Pattern of drug utilization for treatment of uncomplicated malaria in urban Ghana following national treatment policy change to artemisinin-combination therapy

  Anti-malarial prescribed Antibiotic co-prescription
  ART-AQ Other anti-malarial regimen Antibiotic co-prescription No antibiotic
  N = 1,217 N = 1,614 N = 872 N = 1,959
  n, % 1 n, % n, % n, %
Gender
Male 464 40.9 672 59.2 376 33.1 760 66.9
Female 753 44.4 942 55.6 496 29.3 1,199 70.7
Age group
<5 161 26.4 449 73.6 260 42.6 350 57.4
5–12 181 56.9 136 43.1 119 37.4 198 62.5
13–59 790 46.0 926 54.0 445 25.9 1, 271 74.1
≥60 76 48.4 81 51.6 40 25.5 117 74.5
Not known 9 29.0 22 71.0 8 25.8 23 74.2
Facility type
Non-government 15 13.0 100 87.0 28 24.4 87 75.7
Government 1,202 44.3 1,514 55.7 844 31.1 1,872 68.9
Mode of diagnosis
Presumptive 1,041 42.2 1,427 57.8 758 30.7 1,710 69.3
Laboratory confirmed 79 86.8 12 13.2 21 23.1 70 76.9
Not known 97 35.7 175 64.3 93 34.2 179 65.8
Anti-malarial treatment prescribed
Combination therapy (ART-AQ) - - 349 28.7 868 71.3
Combination therapy (Other ACT) - - 140 33.5 278 66.5
Monotherapy (Artemisinin based) - - 277 29.6 659 70.4
Monotherapy (Non-artemisinin) - - 106 40.8 154 59.2
  1. 1 % are row percentages within supercolumns