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Table 4 Univariate and multivariate analysis of predictors of peripheral parasitaemia among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics

From: Burden of malaria in pregnancy in Jharkhand State, India

  Univariate Analysis   Multivariate Analysis
  Peripheral Parasitaemia
% (Positive/Total)
Relative Risk (95% CI) Adjusted
Relative Risk (95% CI)
First/second pregnancies 2.5% (37/1503) 3.62 (1.53 - 8.54) 3.17 (1.32-7.61)
Third or greater pregnancy 0.7% (6/882) 1  
Age < 20 2.0% (6/305) 1.11 (0.47 - 2.60)  
Age ≥ 20 1.8% (37/2081) 1  
Fever within past week 5.5% (22/401) 5.19 (2.88 - 9.34) 5.34(2.89-9.90)
No fever within past week 1.1% (21/1985) 1  
Bednet use* 1.8% (31/1702) 1.29 (0.50 - 3.29)  
No bednet use 1.4% (5/354) 1  
Indoor residual spraying 1.8% (23/1270) 1.00 (0.55 - 1.81)  
No indoor residual spraying 1.8% (20/1104) 1  
Rural 4.0% (21/527) 3.37 (1.87 - 6.07) 3.10(1.66-5.79)
Not rural 1.2% (22/1859) 1  
Tribal caste 2.8% (22/789) 2.12 (1.17 - 3.83) 1.67 (0.90-3.11)
Not tribal caste 1.3% (21/1595) 1  
No formal education 1.3% (8/621) 0.65 (0.30 - 1.39)  
Formal education 2.0% (35/1764) 1  
Homeowner 1.9% (34/1751) 1.37 (0.66 - 2.84)  
Not homeowner 1.4% (9/635) 1  
Mud walls 2.3% (30/1324) 1.85 (0.97 - 3.53)  
No mud walls 1.2% (13/1062) 1  
  1. Risk ratio adjusted for first/second pregnancies, fever within past week, rural locale, and tribal caste.
  2. * ITN use was not evaluated in this model since these were very rarely used.