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Table 6 Prevalence of adverse birth outcomes by presence versus absence of placental parasitaemia among pregnant women enrolled

From: Burden of malaria in pregnancy in Jharkhand State, India

  Placental Parasitaemia
  Present
n (%)
Absent
n (%)
Low birth weight 4/15 (26.7%) 137/657 (20.9%)
Preterm birth 2/15 (13.3%) 37/656 (5.6%)
Stillbirth 2/17 (11.8%) 28/686 (4.1%)
Gestational hypertension 4/17 (23.5%) 195/695 (28.1%)
  Median (range) Median (range)
Birth weight 2,500 (2,100-3,900) 2,700 (1,300-4,500)
Gestational age 38 (36-40) 38 (34-42)
  1. Denominators vary because the neonate had to be born alive to be weighed and receive a Ballard score. Additionally, twin gestations and women whose placentas were not examined for parasitaemia were excluded from analysis of birth outcomes.
  2. * Gestational hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure > 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg.