Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Description of stages of foetal growth by different groups

From: Rural Gambian women's reliance on health workers to deliver sulphadoxine – pyrimethamine as recommended intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy

MONTH YOUNG WOMEN 1a OLDER WOMEN 1b
  "Oh, I don't have any idea about that." (JKW1-1)  
1 "It looks like a piece of meat." (DYWI-6) "It is in the semen stage" (JKOWFG-1)
"It will remain water for one month before it will turn into blood." (MOWFG-1)
"It is just like water." (JKOWI-6)
2 "It has a grey colour."(DYWI-6) "It is in a liquid stage" (JKOWFG-1)
"It appears like a clot." (JKOWI-6)
3 "It looks like a lizard."(DYWI-6)
"It looks like pus....The baby is kicking on one side...It moves but the movement is not powerful." (DYW1-2)
"It is in a blood-like state." (DYWI-4)
"It is in a clot form." (JKOWFG-1) (JKOWI-2)
"If the foetus is a female, it looks like a tortoise. If it is a male, it looks like a lizard." (JKOWFG-1)
4 "It is nearly mature"(DYWI-6)
"Limbs form" (JKYWI-4)
"From 4–6 months it kicks from all directions" (DYW1-2)
"It starts kicking at four months" (JKOWFG-1)
"At four months it will no longer be blood or a piece of meat. It will be a human being. You will know whether the baby will be a boy or a girl." (MOWFG-1)
"At four months it is just like a bulk of blood." (JKOWI-2)
"Limbs will start to appear." (JKOWI-6)
5 "I think it stays like that until 5–7 months. Then God breaks it into two pieces and reconstructs it again"(DYWI-6)
"From five to six months, all features of a human being are developed.....but nine months is the time that the baby is fully matured." (JKYWI-4)
"When the baby has been five months in the stomach, the stomach will shake." (MOWFG-1)
6 "It looks like a piece of meat."(JKYWI-4) "Within six months the baby is close to a human being." (JKOWFG-1) (JKOWI-2)
"At six months the stomach will shake again" (MOWFG-1)
8 "It is fully matured in all aspects"(DYWI-6) "At eight or nine months the stomach will shake and you will know that God's time has come for you to deliver." (MOWFG-1)
9 "It is now a complete human being. At this stage, if you feel hungry, you see the baby start moving"(DYWI-6)  
MONTH ADOLESCENTS 1c MEN 1d
   "Pregnancy is never steady.. it has stages, from semen to blood clot, until it departs from there, that will equal to 120 days." (JKMFG-4)
1 "It looks like a piece of meat" (DAFG-1)
"It appears like a blood clot" (JAFG-3)
"The pregnancy is just semen" (JJMFG-1)
"At 7 days, pregnancy is a clot" (JKMFG-3)
2 "Clot" (DAFG-1) "Blood clot" (JJMFG-1)
"It begins to have human shape." (JKMFG-3)
3 "I don't know." (DAFG-1)
"It then looks like a small frog" (JAFG-3)
"It is not at a human stage, it is like blood." (JKMFG-3)
4 "By then it is an egg." (DAFG-1) "The blood clot becomes firm." (JJMFG-1)
"I cannot tell you anything about that". I heard women saying that there is movement at four months, but I don't know.(JKMFG-2)
"At four months, things come together." (JKMFG-3)
5 "It is about to become a human being." (DAFG-1) "A piece of meat" (JJMFG-1)
"Limbs are forming" (JKMFG-3)
"At this stage it is now human." (JKMFG-3)
6 "It starts moving" (DAFG-1) "Limbs are forming" (JKMFG-3)
"It is now a complete human being" (JKMFG-3)
7
8
9
  "At seven months it is mature" (JKMFG-3)
"It starts having limbs" (JJMFG-1)
"At 7 months there is a soul in the body, but at 8 months the soul is suspended from the body. By 9 months it reunites with the body again" (JJMFG-1)
"It turns into a human being" (JAFG-3)