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Table 1 Summary of the study population.

From: Plasmodium falciparum exposure in utero, maternal age and parity influence the innate activation of foetal antigen presenting cells

  Study group
Characteristics P. falciparum -positive P. falciparum -negative
Number of subjects n = 59 30 29
Age of mother, mean ± SD, years 25.4 ± 6.1 26.3 ± 5.2
Pregnancies, no., mean ± SD 2.2 ± 1.5 2.1 ± 1.1
   1-2 pregnancies (n = 41) 21 20
   ≥ 3 pregnancies (n = 18) 9 9
Ratio of malaria prevention (CQ/SPa) (30/27) 19/10 11/17
Declaration of malaria infection during pregnancy (%) 33.3 3.7
Reported use of bednet (%) 83.3 82.8
Neonate birth weight, mean ± SD, g 3052.8 ± 443.3 3059.6 ± 412.5
Neonate gender, female/male (21/34) 10/19 11/15
P. falciparum density at delivery:   
   peripheral blood, mean ± SD, iRBCb/μl 19,037 ± 55,257 0
   intervillous blood, mean ± SD, iRBC/μl 245,764 ± 475,906 0
   cord blood, mean ± SD, iRBC/μl 0 0
intervillous blood leukocytes with MPc, n = 59 19 0
  1. a CQ/SP; Chloroquine/sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine
  2. b iRBC; infected red blood cells
  3. c MP; malaria pigment