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Table 1 Interpretation of test results for Palutop+4 for the detection of P. falciparum*

From: Evaluation of the Palutop+4 malaria rapid diagnostic test in a non-endemic setting

Test Line(s) visible Species
  P. falciparum P. vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae or no parasites detected
Only HRP-2 or HRP-2 + pan-pLDH True positive False positive or species-mismatch†
None or HRP-2 + Pv-pLDH or HRP-2 + Pv-pLDH + pan-pLDH or Only Pv-pLDH or Pv-pLDH + pan-pLDH or Only pan-pLDH False negative or species-mismatch‡ True negative
  1. †Non-falciparum species diagnosed as P. falciparum
  2. P. falciparum diagnosed as non-falciparum species or a mixed Plasmodium spp. infection