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Table 3 Interpretation of test results of Palutop+4 for the detection of P. ovale and P. malariae

From: Evaluation of the Palutop+4 malaria rapid diagnostic test in a non-endemic setting

Test Line(s) visible Species
  P. ovale or P. malariae P. falciparum, P. vivax or no parasites detected
Only pan-pLDH True positive False positive or species-mismatch†
Any other possibility except "only pan-pLDH" False negative or species-mismatch‡ True negative
  1. P. falciparum or P. vivax diagnosed as P. ovale or P. malariae
  2. P. ovale or P. malariae diagnosed as P. falciparum or P. vivax or a mixed infection with one of these Plasmodium spp.