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Table 3 Kaplan-Meier pair wise comparisons of the median survival times (MST) of An. gambiae s.s. females exposed to M. anisopliae ICIPE-30 and B. bassiana I93-825 (IMI 391510) for different exposure times (15 min, 30 min, 1 h and 6 h).

From: Infection of the malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, with two species of entomopathogenic fungi: effects of concentration, co-formulation, exposure time and persistence

Exposure time MST ± SE 15 min 30 min 1 h 6 h
M. anisopliae      
Control 13 ± 0.32 χ2 = 124.1 χ2 = 154.65 χ2 = 149.59 χ2 = 150.98
   p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001*
15 min 6 ± 0.32   χ2 = 36.89 χ2 = 26.07 χ = 28.39
    p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001*
30 min 5 ± 0.37    χ2 = 1.15 χ2 = 0.57
     p = 0.28 p = 0.44
1 h 5 ± 0.43     χ2 = 0.86
      p = 0.77
B. bassiana      
Control 13 ± 0.32 χ2 = 118.5 χ2 = 97.98 χ2 = 79.84 χ2 = 103.81
   p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001*
15 min 6 ± 0.17   χ2 = 42.68 χ2 = 16.28 χ2 = 14.97
    p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001*
30 min 5 ± 0.11    χ2 = 0.50, χ2 = 0.29
     p = 0.23 p = 0.59
1 h 5 ± 0.10     χ2 = 0.06
      p = 0.81
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05