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Table 1 Ownership and use of ITNs in HIV-affected households

From: High retention and appropriate use of insecticide-treated nets distributed to HIV-affected households in Rakai, Uganda: results from interviews and home visits

Participants interviewed N = 142 (100%) 95% Conf. Int.
Female 92/142 (65%) -
On antiretroviral therapy 112/142 (79%) -
Household size: <4 individuals 47/142 (33%) -
   4–6 " 71/142 (50%) -
   >6 " 24/142 (17%) -
Reports having 1 or more ITN in household 138/142 (97%) (94 – 100)
Mean number of ITNs per person per household 0.8 -
Sleeps under any ITN less than 7 nights/wk (including never) 17~/138 (12%) (7 – 18)
   Why not? Too hot 8/17 (47%)  
   ITN unavailable 6/17 (35%)  
   Too difficult to mount 1/17 (6%)  
   Too few mosquitoes 2/17 (12%)  
   Slept away from home 2/17 (12%)  
   Forgot 1/17 (6%)  
Sleeps under any ITN 7 nights/wk 124/138 (90%) (85 – 95)
   If occasionally fails to sleep under ITN, why? Too hot 25/124 (20%)  
   Slept away from home (work, visits, funerals) 12/124 (10%)  
All ITNs in household were obtained from programme 102/138 (75%) (65 – 79)
Possessed any ITN from outside source 36/138 (25%) (19 – 33)
   Possessed ITN only from outside sources 7/138 (5%) (1 – 9)
   Source of outside ITNs – purchased 27/36 (75%) (61 – 89)
Received from non-government agency or relative 9/36 (25%) (11 – 39)
Had received 1 or more ITN from programme (pITN) 131/138 (92%) (88 – 96)
Still possessed 1 or more pITN 128/131 (98%) (96 – 100)
Now missing at least 1 pITN previously received: 10/131 (8%) (3 – 12)
   Burned 5/10 (50%) -
   Given away 3/10 (30%) -
   Other 2/10 (20%) -
   Sold 0/10 (0%) -
At least 1 person slept under pITNs the night prior 123/128 (96%) (93 – 99)
Did participant sleep under pITNs the night prior? 119*/123 (97%) (94 – 100)
If participant slept under pITN night prior, uses it 7 nights/week? 115/119 (97%) (94 – 100)
Who else slept under pITNs the night prior?®   
   Participant spouses 44 -
   Children ≥ 5 years of age 82 -
   Children <5 years of age 36 -
   Other relatives 14 -
   Others 10 -
Households w/≥1 pregnant woman 9/131 (7%) (3 – 11)
   Pregnant woman/women slept under pITNs night prior 5/9 (56%) (23 – 88)
Believes ITNs are used to prevent malaria 113 (80%) (73 – 87)
Believes ITNs are useful for keeping out mosquitoes 81 (57%) (49 – 65)
Believes ITNs are used to prevent fever 26 (18%) (12 – 24)
  1. ~1 participant did not answer
  2. *4 participants did not sleep under pITN but reported that someone in household did
  3. ® sum > total because of co-sleeping