Species

Study site and year

BIOASSAYS (mortality categories)^{1}

BIOCHEMICAL ASSAYS^{2}


 
DDT 4%

permethrin 0.75%

Alphacypermethrin 0.082%

Lambdacyhalothrin 0.05%

esterases

Monooxygenases

GST


An. minimus s.s.

VHBA, 2003

S

S

S

S








VHBA, 2004

S

S

S

S

NO

NO

NO


VHBB, 2003

S

S

S

S

NO

NO

NO


VHBB, 2004

S

S

S

S

NO

NO

NO


VTHA, 2004

S

S

S

PR

NO

NO

NO


VLSA, 2004

S

PR

PR

PR

YES

NO

NO


VQNA, 2004

S

PR

PR

R

YES

NO

NO


VQNB, 2004

S

PR

R

R

YES

NO

NO


VNAB, 2004

nd

Nd

PR

nd

YES

YES

NO

An. harrisoni

VSLA, 2003

PR

S

nd

S

NO

NO

NO


VSLB, 2003

S

S

nd

nd

NO

NO

NO


VLSB, 2004

nd

R

PR

PR

NO

NO

NO

An. epiroticus

VKGA, 2003

S

PR

R

R

YES

NO

NO


VHCA, 04/2003

S

PR

R

R

YES

NO

NO


VHCB, 2003

PR

PR

R

R

NO

NO

NO


VBTA, 2003

PR

PR

PR

PR

YES

NO

NO


VBLB, 2003

nd

PR

nd

R

YES

NO

NO


VHCA, 10/2003

PR

R

R

R

YES

NO

NO


VBLA, 2003

S

R

PR

PR

YES

NO

NO


VBLA, 2004

S

R

S

R

YES

NO

NO


VBLB, 2004

S

R

R

R

YES

NO

NO


VBTB, 2003

S

R

PR

R

YES

NO

NO


VCMA, 2003

S

R

R

PR

YES

NO

NO


VCMB, 2003

S

R

R

R

YES

NO

NO


VCMC, 2003

S

R

R

R

YES

NO

NO


VCMD, 2003

S

R

R

R

YES

NO

NO


VKGS, 2003

S

R

R

R

YES

NO

NO


VLAA, 2003

S

R

R

R

YES

NO

NO


VLAB, 2003

S

R

PR

R

YES

NO

NO


VSTA, 2003

S

R

PR

R

YES

NO

NO


VTGA, 2003

PR

R

nd

Nd

YES

NO

NO

An. subpictus

VLAA, 2003

PR

PR

PR

PR

NO

NO

YES


VKGB, 2003

PR

R

PR

R

YES

NO

YES

 ^{1}Mortality categories
 S Susceptible (mortality > 98%)
 PR Possibility of resistance (mortality between 80–97%)
 R Resistant (mortality < 80%)
 Nd Not done
 ^{2}YES: mean rank of population is significantly higher than mean rank of VHBA An. minimus s.s. population.
 NO: mean rank of population is not significant higher than mean rank of VHBA An. minimus s.s. population