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Table 1 Irradiation studies on male Anopheles pupae (P) or adults (A) and mating irradiated males (I ♂) with un-irradiated females (U ♀). Information partly from IDIDAS Database [91]

From: Radiation biology of mosquitoes

Species Stage Age (hrs) Dose-range Induced sterility Ref.
     Dose I♂ × U♀  
An. albimanus P < 24 20-80 50 84.3 [22]
     80 100  
An. arabiensis P 23-27   120 99.6 [39]
  A < 16   120 99.4 [39]
  A n.r.   40 75.0 [55]
  P < 24 25-100 50 76.0 [56]
     80 91.0  
     100 98.6  
  A < 24 25-100 50 71.7 [56]
     80 96.7  
     100 98.1  
An. gambiae s.s. P 0-7   120 99.5 [47]
   24-32   120 99.5  
  A < 24   120 99.5  
   > 24   120 99.6  
  P 22-27   120 78-94 [39]
  A < 24   80 91  
     120 99.3  
  A 24-48   45 87.4 [24]
An. pharoensis P 24 50-80 50 95.81 [37]
     80 98.71  
  P 24   120 1001 [41]
  A 72 5-50 30 76.5 [25]
     50 96.8  
An. quadrimaculatus P 24   118 100 [42]
An. stephensi P 4-28 10-120 50 80.3* [57]
     80 97.2*  
     120 99.1*  
  P 0-7   120 98.1 [47]
   24-32   120 98.4  
  A < 24   120 98.1  
   > 24   120 98.2  
  A < 24   120 97.5 [39]
  A 60 10-80 50 87.4 [58]
     80 96.5  
  1. * Induced sterility was calculated from observed sterility data
  2. 1 Unclear if observed or induced sterility was described
  3. n.r. not recorded