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Table 1 Characteristics of children, matched on gender, age, week of inclusion and rapid diagnostic test status.

From: Can treatment of malaria be restricted to parasitologically confirmed malaria? A school-based study in Benin in children with and without fever

Children characteristics IG CG p value
Sex, no. male/female 104/138 105/137 0.93
Age, years; n = 242 9,1 (2.5) 9,1 (2.5) 0.95
Body temperature, °C; n = 242 37.7 (0.7) 37.1 (0.3) < 10-5
Positive blood smear, day 0 12 (including 1 P. malariae); n = 242 3 (including 1 P. malariae); n = 236 0.02
Bednet use 54; n = 234 46; n = 238 0.32
Chloroquine detection day 0 13; n = 100 6; n = 99 0.1
Chloroquine detection day 14 7; n = 98 8; n = 98 0.79
Quinine detection day 0 1; n = 100 0; n = 99 _
Quinine detection day 14 0; n = 99 0; n = 98 _
  1. Quantitative data are mean (SD). SD: Standard deviation; IG: index group; CG: control group.