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Table 3 Association of anaemia and parasitaemia with household and clinical characteristics among children 6-30 months of age enrolled into the 2008 HH and EPI-HF surveys (adjusted for clustering).

From: Comparison of anaemia and parasitaemia as indicators of malaria control in household and EPI-health facility surveys in Malawi

2008 Household surveys (N = 4565) EPI-Health facility surveys (N = 1909)
  Anaemia (Hb<8 g/dl)
n (%)
χ2
P-value
Parasitaemia
n (%)
χ2
P-value
Anaemia
(Hb<8 g/dl)
n (%)
χ2
P-value
Parasitaemia
n (%)
χ2
P-value
Age(months)         
   6-8 95 (14.8) 0.19 65(13.8) 0.29 71 (15.3) 0.67 47 (10.4) 0.08
   9-11 97 (20.8)   70(19.1)   66 (16.8)   50 (13.0)  
   12-17 192 (15.0)   169(14.8)   87 (16.4)   67 (12.8)  
   18-23 143 (15.4)   154(18.4)   47 (13.9)   49 (14.9)  
   24-29 122 (13.6)   149(18.6)   24 (13.0)   34 (18.7)  
District         
   Phalombe 179 (17.7) 0.01 193(81.4) <.0001 - 0.07 - <.0001
   Blantyre 65 (11.3)   36(93.5)   73 (12.1)   59 (9.8)  
   Chiradzulu 112 (18.8)   76(87.0)   -   -  
   Mwanza 80 (13.2)   105(82.0)   -   -  
   Lilongwe 127 (17.5)   165(76.6)   125 (19.7)   149 (24.7)  
   Rumphi 86 (8.5)   32(96.0)   97 (14.4)   39 (5.8)  
Wealth quintile         
   Poorest 168 (19.1) <.0001 168(22.5) <.0001 43 (21.6) <.000 40 (20.4) <.0001
   2nd 155 (19.1)   141(18.5)   89 (19.1) 1 92 (20.3)  
   3rd 161 (15.2)   170(20.4)   75 (19.5)   53 (14.1)  
   4th 113 (13.9)   88(11.3)   50 (13.4)   36 (9.9)  
   Wealthiest 52 (6.7)   40(7.6)   38 (7.9)   26 (5.4)  
History of fever         
   Yes 229 (25.9) <.0001 173(23.1) <.0001 78(22.7) 0.001 63 (18.8) <.0001
   No 420 (11.5)   434(14.6)   217(13.9)   184 (12.0)  
Currently febrile         
   Yes 95 (43.1) <.0001 94 (51.0) <.0001 22 (25.0) 0.04 37 (44.0) <.0001
   No 554 (13.7)   513 (14.8)   273(15.0)   210 (11.8)  
Clinical malaria         
   Yes 59 (58.6)   NA   17 (45.9) <.000 NA  
   No 581 (14.2) <.0001    270(14.7) 1   
Slept under a net the previous night         
   Yes 235 (13.4) 0.03 211(14.1) 0.02 154(14.4) 0.20 99 (9.4) 0.0002
   No 414 (16.8)   396(18.8)   141(16.7)   148(18.0)  
Slept under ITN previous night         
   Yes 186(13.3) 0.03 179(14.6) 0.06 142(15.1) 0.68 90 (9.7) 0.002
   No 463(16.7)   428(18.2)   153(15.8)   157(16.6)