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Table 6 Associations of P. falciparum and P. vivax infection with other Plasmodium infections and demographics; results of logistic regression analysis allowing for random village effects. N = 1319 individuals from 8 villages

From: Sub-microscopic malaria cases and mixed malaria infection in a remote area of high malaria endemicity in Rattanakiri province, Cambodia: implication for malaria elimination

   P. falciparum infections P. vivax infections
    Prevalence     Prevalence   
  N positive rate OR IC95%   p-value positive rate OR IC95%   p-value
P. falciparum infection              
Not detected* 540        77 14,3% 1,00    
Detected* 779        114 14,6% 0,92 0,66 1,30 0,647
P. vivax infection              
Not detected* 1128 665 59,0% 1,00          
Detected* 191 114 59,7% 0,90 0,64 1,26 0,535       
P. malariae infection              
Not detected* 1173 680 58,0% 1,00     168 14,3% 1,00    
Detected* 146 99 67,8% 1,34 0,91 1,99 0,138 23 15,8% 1,17 0,71 1,90 0,540
P. ovale infection              
Not detected* 1301 769 59,1% 1,00     183 14,1% 1,00    
Detected* 18 10 55,6% 0,63 0,23 1,73 0,367 8 44,4% 4,35 1,64 11,49 0,003
Sex              
Female 723 400 55,3% 1,00     92 12,7% 1,00    
Male 596 379 63,6% 1,54 1,21 1,96 <0,001 99 16,6% 1,35 0,98 1,86 0,064
Age groups (years)              
< 1 50 14 28,0% 1,00     7 14,0% 1,00    
1 41 14 34,1% 1,69 0,67 4,21 0,264 14 34,1% 3,77 1,33 10,71 0,013
2 66 35 53,0% 3,35 1,51 7,46 0,003 8 12,1% 0,89 0,30 2,68 0,838
3 58 38 65,5% 6,06 2,61 14,08 <0,001 12 20,7% 1,71 0,60 4,85 0,313
4 51 37 72,5% 7,99 3,29 19,43 <0,001 7 13,7% 1,02 0,32 3,20 0,978
5-9 225 173 76,9% 10,85 5,33 22,10 <0,001 41 18,2% 1,45 0,59 3,57 0,418
10-14 134 106 79,1% 12,78 5,93 27,55 <0,001 27 20,1% 1,66 0,65 4,27 0,290
15-19 95 61 64,2% 6,21 2,87 13,43 <0,001 9 9,5% 0,69 0,23 2,02 0,494
20-39 401 212 52,9% 3,41 1,75 6,62 <0,001 46 11,5% 0,86 0,36 2,07 0,742
40-60 146 66 45,2% 2,43 1,19 4,96 0,014 15 10,3% 0,72 0,27 1,91 0,513
>60 52 23 44,2% 2,48 1,06 5,79 0,035 5 9,6% 0,64 0,19 2,23 0,488
Ethnic groups              
Jaray 269 133 49,4% 1,00     44 16,4% 1,38 0,92 2,06 0,115
Tampoun 801 482 60,2% 1,86 1,19 2,90 0,007 96 12,0% 1,00    
Brao 249 164 65,9% 2,60 1,52 4,47 0,001 51 20,5% 2,03 1,38 2,99 <0,001
  1. * by RFLP-dHPLC