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Table 3 Conditions for a release of GM mosquitoes.

From: Perspectives of people in Mali toward genetically-modified mosquitoes for malaria control

  Conditions for a release of GM mosquitoes
Rural areas Trial to confirm safety and efficacy (in own village or similar environment) Laboratory experiments to confirm safety and efficacy Access to experimental results Assurance from foreign organization, local medical staff, Malian government, United Nations Foreign organization works with Malian government, local medical staff Mosquito strains captured from local environment Bed nets provided, hospital built prior to a release Education campaign Approval by majority of community No cost to community
Urban areas Evidence that GM mosquitoes will not cause human health concerns, transmit other diseases, transmit AIDS Trial to confirm safety and efficacy (in another location) Laboratory experiments to confirm safety and efficacy Ability to abort project Education campaign Dialogue between community and scientists Foreign scientists work with African scientists, United Nations Assurance from foreign organization, Malian government Approval by majority of community No cost to community Aid money given directly to scientists
Doctors & scientists Evidence that GM mosquitoes will not cause human health concerns, environmental concerns, transmit other diseases Laboratory experiments to confirm safety and efficacy Communication of experimental results Education campaign Prevention of malaria parasite developing resistance to antimalarial gene No cost to community
Traditional healers Evidence that GM mosquitoes will not cause human health concerns, have increased ability to transmit malaria Technology accessible to all communities Assurance from United Nations, foreign exporter, local experts GM mosquitoes developed and tested in Africa Foreign organization works with Malian government GM mosquitoes also developed for other diseases No cost to community
  1. Necessary conditions for a release of GM mosquitoes cited by rural and urban populations, doctors, scientists and traditional healers.