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Table 3 Conditions for a release of GM mosquitoes.

From: Perspectives of people in Mali toward genetically-modified mosquitoes for malaria control

  Conditions for a release of GM mosquitoes
Rural areas Trial to confirm safety and efficacy (in own village or similar environment)
Laboratory experiments to confirm safety and efficacy
Access to experimental results
Assurance from foreign organization, local medical staff, Malian government, United Nations
Foreign organization works with Malian government, local medical staff
Mosquito strains captured from local environment
Bed nets provided, hospital built prior to a release
Education campaign
Approval by majority of community
No cost to community
Urban areas Evidence that GM mosquitoes will not cause human health concerns, transmit other diseases, transmit AIDS
Trial to confirm safety and efficacy (in another location)
Laboratory experiments to confirm safety and efficacy
Ability to abort project
Education campaign
Dialogue between community and scientists
Foreign scientists work with African scientists, United Nations
Assurance from foreign organization, Malian government
Approval by majority of community
No cost to community
Aid money given directly to scientists
Doctors & scientists Evidence that GM mosquitoes will not cause human health concerns, environmental concerns, transmit other diseases
Laboratory experiments to confirm safety and efficacy
Communication of experimental results
Education campaign
Prevention of malaria parasite developing resistance to antimalarial gene
No cost to community
Traditional healers Evidence that GM mosquitoes will not cause human health concerns, have increased ability to transmit malaria
Technology accessible to all communities
Assurance from United Nations, foreign exporter, local experts
GM mosquitoes developed and tested in Africa
Foreign organization works with Malian government
GM mosquitoes also developed for other diseases
No cost to community
  1. Necessary conditions for a release of GM mosquitoes cited by rural and urban populations, doctors, scientists and traditional healers.