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Table 3 Reported history, health care seeking behavior, malaria and anaemia treatment in 2004 versus 2005 by district in 5331 children aged less than 5 years.

From: Impact of mass distribution of free long-lasting insecticidal nets on childhood malaria morbidity: The Togo National Integrated Child Health Campaign

  Southern Coastal plain (Yoto) Central Plateaux (Ogou) Northern Savannah (Tone)
2004 % 2005 % RR (95%CI) 2004 % 2005 % RR (95%CI) 2004 % 2005 % RR (95%CI)
History previous 2 weeks 1        
Febrile + HC sought2 13.1 21.7 1.66 (1.05-2.62) 26.6 8.7 0.33 (0.20-0.53) 28.0 23.6 0.84 (0.71-1.01)
Took antimalarials 34.0 30.9 0.91 (0.63-1.31) 39.4 34.3 0.87 (0.63-1.20) 44.7 40.0 0.89 (0.69-1.16)
Took iron 3.3 9.5 2.87 (1.36-6.08) 2.5 1.7 0.68 (0.29-1.58) 3.7 2.6 0.69 (0.30-1.61)
History of severe illness in previous 2 months       
Hospital admitted3 2.6 2.2   0.6 2.1   3.1 1.8  
Blood transfusion4 1.2 0.1   0.3 0.1   0.5 0.2  
  1. RR = relative risk; CI = confidence interval
  2. 1 The prevalence and RR were estimated using a binomial regression analysis with a log-link function, taking into account clustering at village level and adjusting for the age of the child, the socio-economic status of the household, and the education level of the caretaker. 2 HC = Health care. 3 Rao-Scott Chi-square test, taking into account clustering at village level. 4 The study was not powered to test for differences in these small numbers.