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Table 2 Anti-malarial prescription in 26 health facilities comparing 'observational' (control) arm to the 'intervention' arm when RDTs where used to support malaria diagnosis between March-December 2007 at 5 districts of Uganda

From: Use of RDTs to improve malaria diagnosis and fever case management at primary health care facilities in Uganda

Malaria endemicity Measurements Baseline Control arm n = 5 Post-era Control arm n = 5 Intervention arm n = 21 RR [95% CI]* p- value
   District       
Hyper-endemic OPD attendance 2,475 3,344 11,273   
   Iganga Anti-malarials prescribed (%) 1,186 (48) 1,941 (58) 4,744 (42 ) 0.72[0.70-0.76] <0.001
Urban OPD attendance 1,696 2,614 9,536   
   Jinja Anti-malarials prescribed (%) 540 (31) 809 (31) 3,076 (32) 1.01[0.99-1.05] 0.820
Peri Urban OPD attendance 4,153 5,298 27,553   
   Mbale Anti-malarials prescribed (%) 2,656 (64) 3,444 (65) 9,796 (36) 0.55[0.50-0.61] <0.001
Meso-endemic OPD attendance 2,040 4,160 14,385   
   Mubende Anti-malarials prescribed (%) 1,143(56) 2,927 (70) 5,232 (36) 0.47[0.45-0.50] <0.001
Hypo-endemic OPD attendance 3,555 7,594 74,784   
   Kapchorwa Anti-malarials prescribed (%) 2,094(59) 3,797 (50) 3,072 (25) 0.52[0.51-0.53] 0.005
All settings OPD attendance 13,919 23,010 74,784   
  Anti-malarials prescribed (%) [95%CI] 7,619 (56)[51.0-58.6] 12,918 (55)[55.5-56.8] 25929(35)[32.5-37.2] 0.68[0.67-0.69] 0.005
  1. *Risk Ratio = Rate [1]/Rate [2]. Rate 1 and rate 2 are the proportion of all OPD that are prescribed anti-malaria at the observation (control) and intervention health facilities respectively during the interval July-December 2010